On April 3, 2020, Canada informed the United States and Mexico that it had completed its domestic ratification process for the agreement.  On December 10, 2019, a revised USMCA agreement was reached by the three countries. On January 29, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Implementation Act in the House of Commons and passed first reading without a recorded vote. On February 6, the bill was passed in the House of Commons by a vote of 275 to 28 at second reading, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties, and was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On February 27, 2020, the committee voted to refer the bill back to the plenary for third reading, without amendment. The USMCA will increase the term of copyright in Canada to 70 years and 75 years for sound recordings.  This enlargement reflects the same IP policy as the trans-Pacific Partnership text, paragraph 18.63.  In addition, biotech companies would have an exclusivity period of at least 10 years for agrochemicals (twice as long as currently 5) and the period for industrial designs would be increased from 10 to 15 years. Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA would require criminal sanctions and civil remedies for the theft of satellites and cables, reaffirms the Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health, contains the strictest procedural requirements and transparency of geographical systems for the protection of indicators in any free trade agreement, demands criminal proceedings and sanctions for the recording of copyrighted films in cinemas and asks A mts because of the power of customs officers to stop the allegedly counterfeit goods.  The agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada is based on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which originally entered into force on January 1, 1994. This Agreement has been the result of more than a year of negotiations, including possible U.S. tariffs against Canada and the possibility of separate bilateral agreements.  National procedures for ratifying the agreement in the United States are governed by the legislation of the Trade Promotion Authority, also known as the Fast Track Authority.
The text of the agreement was signed on 30 November 2018 by the Heads of State and Government of the three countries as a secondary event to the G20 Summit to be held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 30 November 2018.  The English, Spanish and French versions will be equally authentic and the agreement will enter into force after ratification by the three states through the adoption of enabling legislation.  The agreement is the result of a renegotiation between 2017 and 2018 between the member states of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which gave their informal agreement under the new agreement on 30 September 2018 and formally on 1 October.  Proposed by US President Donald Trump, the USMCA was signed on November 30, 2018 by Mr. Trump, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as a secondary event to the G20 summit in Buenos Aires in 2018. A revised version was signed on December 10, 2019 and ratified by all three countries, with final ratification (Canada) taking place on March 13, 2020, just before the postponement of the Canadian Parliament due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On May 30, Robert E. Lighthizer, U.S. Trade Representative, presented Congress with a draft statement on the administrative measures necessary to implement the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA and the new NAFTA), pursuant to the Presidential Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) Act 2015. . .