This crucial phase in Turkey`s history confirms a fundamental principle of international politics, namely that facts on the ground shape peace agreements. Turkey`s war of independence changed these facts on the ground, abrogated the Treaty of Sevres and led to peace in Lausanne. But in the field of foreign policy, these plots believe in a deeper truth: despite the current violence in southern Turkey, the borders enshrined in the Treaty of Lausanne are safer than ever. And the AKP was the first government to fully recognize it. While Erdogan has often fuelled nationalist paranoia for political gain, such as when he claimed that foreign powers were behind the anti-popular protests, the AKP`s foreign policy was the first to reflect a serious awareness of the new discovery of Turkey`s political and economic power, not to mention the security that accompanies it. Under all the funny rhetoric and paranoia, the AKP realized that Turkey has finally overcome an era of foreign policy defined by the need to defend what was won in Lausanne. In an article published yesterday by the Washington Post entitled “Erdogan`s Turkey, 100 Years Later, Fights the Minds of Sevres,” 20th-century Turkish historian Nicholas Danforth quoted the article: “Turkey is largely forgotten in the West, but it has a strong legacy in Turkey, where it has helped fuel a form of nationalist paranoia that some scholars have called Sevres syndrome.” The Washington Post quoted Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as saying after the illegal maritime agreement between Turkey and Libya: “Thanks to this military and energy cooperation, we have overthrown the Treaty of Sevres.” Of course, none of this will happen. The Treaty of Lausanne does not have a secret expiration clause. But it is instructive to reflect on what these conspiracy theories, which are exchanged on semi-inobskurs websites and second-class newscasts, betray the profound realities of Turkish foreign policy, especially under the pro-Islam Justice and Development Party of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan (AKP). The Sevres Treaty is a long and detailed document of 433 articles. Its purpose was the division, submission and expropriation of what remained of the Ottoman countries at the end of the Great War.
The treaty addressed a number of issues ranging from the creation of new states on Turkish territory to petty details of railway cars. In exchange, Turkey renounced all claims to the former Turkish territories outside its new borders and pledged to guarantee the rights of its minorities. A separate agreement between Greece and Turkey provided for mandatory minority exchanges. In the field of Turkish domestic policy, the “end of Lausanne” speech reflects the fears of some and the hopes of others that Turkey has begun a second republic with the former prime minister, now president, consolidating Erdogan`s power over the past decade – what Erdogan calls “New Turkey.” Supporters believe that this new incarnation of the Turkish state will be free from the authoritarianism that defined the Republic of Ataturk; Critics fear that Ataturk secularism is no longer to be said. The treaty recognized the limits of the modern state in Turkey, and the claims of the allies of autonomy for Turkish Kurdistan were reduced in exchange for Turkish concessions from countries to Armenia, and the task of imposing rights to areas of influence in Turkey, and control of financial transactions in Turkey or the armed forces, and it was announced that the Turkish route between the Aegean sea and the Black Sea will be open to all contrary to what happened in the Sevres convention.